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EPS Files | What are they, How to Open, Edit etc.
01 June, 2024

EPS Files | What are they, How to Open, Edit etc.

In graphic design and digital imagery, file formats play a crucial role in determining the quality and versatility of the final product. One such file format that has stood the test of time is the EPS file. But what exactly is an EPS file, and why is it so important for graphic designers and other professionals? Let’s delve into the world of EPS files to understand their significance and how they can be effectively used.

What is an EPS File?

EPS stands for Encapsulated PostScript. It is a standard graphics file format that was developed by Adobe Systems. EPS files are essentially vector files, meaning they are composed of paths defined by mathematical equations, which allow the images to be scaled infinitely without any loss of quality. This makes EPS files ideal for creating large-scale printing materials, such as billboards, posters, and building decal wraps.

Key Features of EPS Files

  • Vector Graphics: EPS files contain vector images, which ensure that the graphic elements remain crisp and clear, regardless of the size.

  • Compatibility: The encapsulated postscript file format is widely compatible with various graphic design software like Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Photoshop. This legacy format is also compatible with many other programs and operating systems, including Windows PCs and Apple devices.

  • Versatility: EPS vector files can be used to store both vector information and bitmap data. This dual capability allows for more flexibility in handling different types of images.

  • Preview Image: Most EPS files include a low-resolution preview image, which makes it easier to view and organize these files in different operating systems and software environments.

How to Open and Edit EPS Files

Opening and editing EPS files can be straightforward with the right tools. Adobe Illustrator is the go-to software for many graphic designers when it comes to working with EPS files. However, other vector editing programs like CorelDRAW, Inkscape, and Affinity Designer also support EPS format. So you can open Eps Files, either with Adobe Illustrator or another software operating system.

For those who do not have specialized software, online EPS viewers and converters are available. These tools allow users to view EPS files and convert them to other formats, such as PDF files or JPEG files, making them accessible for various uses.

Converting EPS Files

Converting EPS files to other file formats can be necessary for different projects. For example, while EPS files are great for vector graphics and large-scale printing, PDF files are more versatile for sharing and printing documents across different platforms. Online converters can help transform EPS files into PDF, JPEG, or other file types, ensuring that the vector information remains intact while adapting to different needs.

Applications of EPS Files

EPS files are widely used in graphic design for creating marketing materials, stock imagery, and other visual content. Their ability to maintain high quality at any size makes them perfect for logos, illustrations, and detailed graphics. Additionally, because EPS files can be easily edited and manipulated, they are an effective tool for graphic designers looking to produce professional-grade visuals.

The Legacy and Future of EPS Files

As a legacy graphics format, EPS has been around since the early versions of desktop publishing software. Despite the emergence of other formats like SVG and PDF, EPS files remain relevant due to their robustness and compatibility with various systems and applications. They continue to be a staple in the graphic design industry, offering a reliable format for creating and sharing vector graphics.


The EPS file format is a powerful tool in the arsenal of graphic designers. Its ability to encapsulate vector and bitmap data, compatibility with numerous editing programs, and scalability make it an indispensable format for high-quality graphics. Whether you're working on marketing materials, large-scale prints, or detailed illustrations, understanding how to use and convert EPS files can significantly enhance your design projects. So next time you encounter an EPS file, you’ll know just how valuable it can be in the world of graphic design.

FAQ about EPS File Format

Let's see the FAQ about EPS files.

How can I open an EPS file?

The EPS file can be opened with a software program. It's recommended that Adobe EPS is installed for viewing and processing EPS images.

Is an EPS file the same as PNG file?

In other words, the PNG images can have high-quality detail but can become pixilated as they get expanded. EPS files are however flexible, enabling them to resize with minimal loss. A further EPS File can be printed and PNG files are best suited to web applications.

Learn about PNG Files.

Is an EPS the same as a PDF?

No, EPS and PDF are not exactly the same, although they both can be used for similar purposes. Here's a breakdown of the key differences:

  • File type: EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) is a vector graphic format, while PDF (Portable Document Format) can contain both vector graphics and raster images (like photos).

  • Compatibility: PDF is a more universal format. Almost any computer can open a PDF with a free PDF reader. EPS files require specific design software to be opened and edited effectively.

  • Features: PDFs are more versatile. They can include fonts, hyperlinks, and other elements besides graphics. EPS files are primarily for image data.

  • Use case: EPS was commonly used for sharing vector graphics between design programs. PDFs are now the preferred format for most graphic design and document sharing needs.

Here's an analogy: Think of EPS as a specific type of wrench, useful for certain design tasks. A PDF is like a toolbox that can hold different wrenches and other tools, making it more adaptable for various situations.

While EPS is not entirely obsolete, PDF is the more modern and widely used format.

Learn More About PDF Files.

Is A JPEG the same as an EPS file?

No, JPEG and EPS files are fundamentally different in how they store image data.

  • Type: JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) is a raster image format, while EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) is a vector graphic format.

  • Data storage: JPEG stores images as a grid of pixels. When you zoom in on a JPEG, the image quality suffers because you're magnifying those individual pixels. EPS files use mathematical formulas to define shapes and lines. This allows them to be scaled to any size without losing quality.

Learn about JPEG Files.

What is an EPS file used for?

EPS is the vector format used to print professional images. PostScript printing and photosetting companies commonly utilize EPS for producing large and precise images, including billboard advertising, large posters, and marketing collateral.

What program opens a .EPS file?

Several programs can open an EPS (.EPS) file, depending on your needs:

For viewing and basic editing:

Free options: Many free design programs can open and view EPS files, including GIMP, Inkscape, Scribus, and LibreOffice Draw.

Paid options: Popular paid programs like Adobe Photoshop (with additional plugins) and some versions of Microsoft Word can also open EPS files for viewing with limited editing capabilities.

For professional editing and creation:

Paid design software: These programs offer the most comprehensive features for working with EPS files, including creating, editing, and exporting them. Examples include Adobe Illustrator, CorelDraw, and Affinity Designer.

So shortly;

If you just need to view an EPS file, a free option like GIMP or Inkscape might suffice.

If you need to edit the file or create EPS graphics, you'll likely need paid design software like Adobe Illustrator.

What is EPS in computer?

EPS (Encapsulated PostScript) is a special image format for sharp logos and graphics. The EPS files can contain vector images in that they are made from lines or curves instead of pixels. Unlike photos (JPEG), it uses formulas to draw images, so you can enlarge them infinitely without losing quality. This makes EPS great for professional printing and design projects.

What is the difference between EPS and SVG files?

Both EPS and SVG are vector graphic formats, but they have some key differences:

  • File size: SVG files are typically much smaller than EPS files because they use text-based code. This makes SVGs ideal for web graphics where fast loading times are important.

  • Editing: SVG files are easier to edit with text editors because they're code-based. EPS files require design software for editing.

  • Compatibility: While both are common, EPS files might require specific design software to open, while SVGs can be opened by most web browsers.

  • Use case: EPS is better for professional printing due to its ability to store extra preview data. SVGs are ideal for web graphics and icons due to their small size and ease of editing.


Can I open an EPS file in Photoshop?

You can technically open an EPS file in Photoshop, but there's a catch:

  • Photoshop can't fully edit EPS files because they are vector graphics, while Photoshop works primarily with raster images (pixels).

  • When you open an EPS in Photoshop, it will likely be rasterized, meaning it's converted to pixels. This loses the scalability advantage of vector graphics.

You can;

  • View and edit (limited): Open the EPS file using the "Place" function. This preserves some vector data and lets you resize the image within Photoshop limitations.

  • Full editing: If you need full editing capabilities, use vector editing software like Adobe Illustrator.

How to convert a file to EPS?

There are two main ways to convert a file to EPS:

  1. Using design software: If you have access to design software like Adobe Illustrator, CorelDraw, or Affinity Designer, you can usually export your file as an EPS. The specific steps might vary depending on the software, but it's typically a matter of opening your file, going to the "File" menu, selecting "Export" or "Save As," and choosing EPS as the output format.

  2. Using online converters: Several free online converters can handle basic EPS conversions. These websites allow you to upload your file, choose EPS as the output format, and download the converted EPS file. Keep in mind that online converters may have file size or complexity limitations, and the quality might not be perfect for all file types.

As a result;

  • For the best quality and control, use design software if you have it available.

  • For simple conversions or occasional use, online converters can be a convenient option.

Are all EPS files vector files?

EPS files can be tricky. While they are meant for vector graphics, they can also contain raster data like a JPEG file. The file size and source program can give clues, but opening the EPS in a program that supports both vector and raster is the best way to be sure.

Is vector the same as EPS?

No, the vector file is not the same as EPS. Vector is a general term describing a type of graphic created using mathematical formulas and paths. This allows them to be scaled infinitely without losing quality. EPS is one specific file format used to store vector graphics.

How to open an EPS file for free?

Adobe Readers, IrfanViews, and EPS Viewer are commonly used software tools for converting or viewing EPS files. If you need to view ePix format, OpenOffice Draw, LibreOffice Draw, or Scribus Draw.

  • Free design software: Several free programs can handle viewing and sometimes basic editing of EPS files. Here are some options:

    • GIMP

    • Inkscape

    • Scribus

    • LibreOffice Draw

  • Online EPS viewers: Some websites offer free online EPS viewers. These allow you to upload your EPS file and view it in your web browser. However, editing capabilities are usually limited or non-existent.

Note: Free options may have limitations. For complex EPS files or extensive editing needs, paid design software might be necessary.

Can an EPS file be a PDF?

EPS (Encapsulated PostScript files) format and PDF are different file types. EPS focuses on sharp vector graphics for printing, while PDFs handle a broader range of content.

To convert an EPS file to PDF isn't possible, but you can use online converters or design software (like Adobe Illustrator) to create a PDF from a vector image or an EPS file. This way, you get a readable PDF while maintaining the core vector graphics.


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